Perfect Magazine

Do you know what does the term chondrosis means? It is the cartilage breakdown or the corrosion of the cushiony connective tissues that connect your joints. It usually happens due to aging, overuse, and injury. Commonly regarded as osteoarthritis, chondrosis generally affect your knees, palms, hips, neck, and lower spine, leading to joint pain and stiffness. As this condition is incurable, this article will highlight the prevention and treatment of chondrosis.

What are the Types of Chondrosis?

There are several types of chondrosis, as this condition can affect any joint. However, some of the most typical positions include:

Knees

If you are an athlete or obese, your knees have to bear too much pressure. Hence, this causes wear and tear of the knees. So, a condition is known as patellofemoral (PF) chondrosis denotes cartilage loss on the kneecap surface. Besides, another term for this condition is chondromalacia. Its intensity ranges between one to four (on a scale).

Hands

Osteophytes may develop in your finger joints leading to pain, inflammation, and tenderness. So, you might feel intense pain at the base of your thumb. So, when you experience cartilage breakdown in your hands, it damages your fine motor skills. You cannot perform routine activities like gripping, writing, buttoning, typing, tying, etc.

Hips

Your hips are weight-bearing ball and socket junctions with cartilage that surface the internal region and supports smooth and easy movements. However, if the cartilage wears down, friction among your bones may develop osteophytes. Therefore, chondrosis in your hip joint may complicate your walking and lead to pain and stiffness.

Neck

Did you know that osteoarthritis can also impact your neck and backbone? So, among each vertebra of your spine, cartilage shields your bones from pressing against each other. When the cartilage wears off, you may experience pain and inflammation. Hence, you may find it challenging to enjoy a comfortable sleep or perform routine activities.

Lower Spine

Usually, the spinal pain is short-lived and cures within seven days. Though, osteoarthritis in your spinal cord is one of the many possible reasons for severe back pain that might not vanish itself. As the cartilage in your backbone wears down, osteophytes may develop and can “pinch” your nerves. In this scenario, you should visit a physician for proper diagnosis and treatment.

What is the Risk of Joint Pain?

So, if you suffer from chondrosis of the knee, the underlying reasons can be some repetitive exercises or being overweight. You should know that every half kg of weight places two kg pressure on the knee joint.

So, survival athletes who cover long distances are likely to experience joint pain. Moreover, if you are involved in fast-paced sports like basketball, you pressure your knees significantly.

Although high-impact workouts elevate the risk of osteoarthritis, an inactive lifestyle can also be a risk factor. If you have inadequate muscle tone, you won’t be able to support your joints properly. Hence, they will have to experience added stress.

Also, chondrosis is quite common in people aged above 50 years. The reason is your cartilage naturally breaks down as you age. Besides, your genes also play a crucial role in the development of osteoarthritis and its symptoms.

While repetitive motions for several years can also be a primary cause of overuse of the joints and lead to cartilage deterioration, cartilage damage can also occur during an accident or surgery and remains overlooked unless osteoarthritis develops.

How to Prevent and Treat Chondrosis?

If you feel pain behind kneeyou might be a victim of chondrosis. So, if you immediately visit a doctor, they will be able to diagnose the problem. If chondrosis gets detected in the early stages, it can save you from severe damage. Also, your doctor can help you better manage your symptoms.

Usually, doctors prefer non-surgical treatments to treat chondrosis. However, if your hands, knees, or hips are affected, the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) suggests a variety of non-surgical treatments:

Exercise for Joint Pain

The best and the most common way to cure this condition is exercising. Some top recommendations include tai chi, yoga, and balance training.

Orthotics and Props

Your doctor might recommend you using a brace to support the affected joint. Use of cane, acupuncture, heat, and therapeutic cooling are also preferred methods of cure.

Physiotherapy

According to ACR, you should always visit a physiotherapist if you have any muscular or bone-related issues. You should learn safe exercises that help fortify your muscles surrounding the impaired joint and provide better support and stability to inhibit any damage.  

Occupational Therapy

An occupational therapist can help you modify your lifestyle to safeguard your joints. It is critical if you think your job is contributing to the ailments. They might recommend you adjust your workplace and choose ergonomic items. So, it will better support your neck, backbone, and wrists.

Weight Management

Besides, weight management is considered an essential remedy in treating joint problems. It not only removes pressure on your joints but causes low levels of inflammation that may develop chondrosis in other body parts. So, if you have diabetes, you should regulate your blood sugar levels and opt for a healthy lifestyle to inhibit the development of osteoarthritis. The reason is high blood sugar levels harden and deteriorates the cartilage, making it more vulnerable to damage. Diabetes may also cause inflammation that aggravates joint pain.

Medication for Joint Pain

Your doctor may combine medication with other non-surgical treatment options to diminish joint pain (caused due to chondrosis). Your doctor may recommend you over-the-counter medicines to treat the condition.

Surgical Treatments for Joint Pain

If your condition is critical and experiencing intense pain and mobility problems, your doctor is likely to recommend surgery. If your doctor thinks that high doses of medication are not best for your health, or you cannot exercise for some reason, they are likely to proceed with surgery. 

So, surgery embraces several steps like arthroscopic surgery can remove swollen tissues. After that, your doctor may replace the lost cartilage.